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Ronda         

Physical Environment         


          Extension municipality : 481.31 km2 .         

Altitude above sea level: 723 m .         

Latitude: 36 º 44 ' Longitude : 5 ° 10' Weather         

Average temperature: 15 ° C         

hours of sunshine per year : 2700 hours         

Annual precipitation : 648 l / m         

Ronda is a city located in the autonomous community of Andalusia, located in the northwest of the province of Málaga ( Spain ) . Is the head of the eponymous administrative area and the capital of the region of the Serrania de Ronda.         

2008 had 36,532 inhabitants , making it the second largest city inside the province after Antequera.Su municipality extends over a plateau known as depression Ronda and the mountains that surround it.         

has an area of ​​481 km ² and a population density of 75.95 inhabitants / km ² . Ronda has its origin in Roman Arunda to be established from existing Iberian settlement . The Visigoths gave continuity to the arrival of the Muslims, who consolidated their role as regional head no loss to date and its urban entity.         

Its location facilitated the defense of the city and placed in a strategic position to master the steps and paths to lower Andalusia . This and the availability of land suitable for agriculture was finally granted a remarkable historical importance. The city is built around a deep pit to some looming buildings of the historic center. For this reason and for the amount of the monuments that has , Ronda has become a significant tourist center. The ledge of the pit and the bridge that saves are the quintessential image of the city.         

Divided in two by a cannon , known as Ronda, through which runs the Guadalevin Gaudiaro River tributary . Following the Gorge itself that pit the pit on Mill Valley also extends . East of the city natural park of Sierra de las Nieves is located south Genal Valley , west of Sierra de Grazalema and more north plains towards Campillos .         

        

Economy         Today

Ronda is mainly engaged in cultural and rural tourism. There are some food processing and furniture industries, and a lot of small shops and restaurants designed to satisfy the demand of the tourists who come every day excursion from the Costa del Sol currently has become one of the most visited cities of Andalusia with its great monuments .         

Other accrued interest in recent years is the introduction of several wineries in Ronda quality wine . In the old part , known as "The City " is the Mayor Church of the Holy Spirit Church , City Hall, various museums , Mondragón Palace and the Palace of the Marquis of Salvatierra , the Casa del Rey Moro laying you can go down to the bottom of the pit through the steps of the mine, the Casa del Gigante , the Minaret Minaret of San Sebastián - and lots of palatial houses , streets and squares of great beauty.         Passing

Cuesta Images of the District of San Francisco , where we can admire the door and Arab Almocabar wall surrounding Ronda and extending to the Arab Bridge at the foot of which stand out are the Arab Baths , one of the best preserved España.Museo Round wine , an open knowledge and enjoyment of wine and its history unique place .         

modern area is the parador built on what was once the town hall and the market of Supplies , the bullring in Ronda , owned by the aforementioned Real Maestranza, the oldest square of bulls and the world's largest bullring , the Alameda Park with its balcony on the block , lots of vegetation and new Espinel Theatre; churches Socorro , La Merced and bare inter         

Carrera Espinel street, a mile long pedestrian with nine sections, popularly known as Calle de la Bola, owes its name, according to tradition, some children who formed a large snowball ( using its mild pending in one of those rare years in Andalucia snow ) it can find many shops of all kinds and is where the commercial life of the city is developed . Then north many modern neighborhoods in the city of Ronda extend.         

Geography         

Ronda sits on a rocky plateau 739 meters above sea level. It is divided in two by a cannon , known as Ronda, through which runs the Guadalevin Gaudiaro River tributary . Following the Gorge itself that pit the pit on Mill Valley also extends . East of the city is the Natural Park of the Sierra de las Nieves, south Genal Valley , west of Sierra de Grazalema and more north plains towards Campillos . Climate         

Communications         

transport by rail are made quickly since the launch of the Talgo trains that connect Algeciras to Ronda and Madrid. Ronda road communicates with neighboring counties through a network of roads high landscape value , as many mountain passes of the Serrania community offering unparalleled views across.         

History         

Although the city environment found prehistoric remains dating back to the Neolithic most notably the cave paintings of the Cave of the Pool , Round origins are Celtic who in the sixth century BC Arunda called it . Later the Phoenicians settled in a nearby village called Acinipo .         

Arunda after being conquered by the Greeks renamed Runda . But Ronda itself was founded as a result of the Second Punic War , during the campaign that the Roman general Scipio held against the Carthaginians who dominated Hispania in the late third century BC That is when he built the castle of Laurus which encouraged the settlement of the population and reaching around in the time of Julius Caesar reached the rank of city residents and those of neighboring Acinipo , the quality of Roman citizens.         

the V century , to the Roman Empire, the city was taken by the Swabians commanding Rechila , after going through a Byzantine period , which was finally abandoned Acinipo until Leovigild integrated it into the kingdom Visigoth . In 711 the Muslim invasion of the peninsula is produced and , in 713, the current round is open , without a fight , the Berber chief Ben Zaide Kesadi The Sebseki . The city renamed Izn -Rand Onda ( Castle Town ) became the capital of the Andalusian province of Takurunna .         

With the disintegration of the caliphate of Córdoba , Ronda became a kingdom independent Taifa ruled by Abu Hilal Nur Ben Abi Qurra , and will be during this period that most of the monumental heritage make available to the historic center of Ronda and the suburbs . Abu Hilal Nur was succeeded by his son Abu Nasar who after being killed caused Ronda will become part of the kingdom of Seville - Muthadid . The Islamic period ends when the city , the May 22, 1485 , King Ferdinand manages to take it after a long siege . After conquering many of the monuments erected by Muslims are remodeled adapting to new situation in the city that starts a new flowering that grows extending into new neighborhoods as the " market" and " San Francisco " , from to know the old Arab town as "The City " . In 1572 he founded the Royal Cavalry of Ronda for training purposes for the defense and the wars of the kingdom.         

In the eighteenth century the city is experiencing a period of important buildings among which the new bridge , which has come to be considered the symbol of the city, and the bullring . From that time the romantic myths of bandits and bullfighters are created. The Laurel Castle , Alcazaba de Ronda, is shot down by the French in their retreat. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Ronda economic activity remains primarily rural, being the meeting point for the inhabitants of the villages of the Highlands and having moments of brilliance in the early twentieth century with the arrival of the railroad.         

In 1918 the Assembly of Ronda which was fixed in the current design of the flag, the anthem of Andalusia and shield held . At that time you begin to consolidate Savings Round Box has strongly boosted the economy of the city until his death in 1990 to merge with other banks in Unicaja.         

Culture         Points of interest

As notable monuments have located on the Tajo Gorge along with the Old Bridge and the Arab Bridge New Bridge Tanneries . Palacio de Mondragón .         

the old , known as "The City " is located: Church of Santa Maria Maggiore in the plaza Duquesa Parcent . Holy Spirit Church Old Town Hall on the square of Spain Wine Museum of Ronda. Palacio de Mondragón . Palacio del Marqués de Salvatierra . Casa del Rey Moro by which you can download at the bottom of the pit through the stairs of the mine. Casa del Gigante. Minaret Minaret - San Sebastián and lots of palatial houses , streets and squares of great beauty. Passing the Costs of Images is the neighborhood of San Francisco , where we can admire : Almocabar door and wall surrounding Arab Ronda and extending to the Arab Bridge at the foot of which stand the Arab Baths, one of the best preserved of Spain .         


          In the modern area is the parador built on what was once the town hall and the market of Supplies , the bullring in Ronda , owned by the aforementioned Real Maestranza, the oldest square of bulls and Roll largest world , the Alameda Park with its balcony on the block , lots of vegetation and new Espinel Theatre; Relief Church , La Merced and bare inter .         

Carrera Espinel street, a mile long pedestrian with nine sections, popularly known as Calle de la Bola, owes its name, according to tradition, some children who formed a large snowball ( using its mild pending in one of those rare years in Andalucia snow ) it can find many shops of all kinds and is where the commercial life of the city is developed . Then north many modern neighborhoods in the city of Ronda extend. You can also visit the Wine Museum of Ronda, emblematic opened in a mansion and cellar.         

illustrious Rondeños         

Abbas Ibn Abbas Ibn Firnas or Firnas ( عباس بن فرناس ) Scientist d S. IX . C. who invented a flying contraption six centuries before Leonardo DaVinci .
          Pedro Agustín Ahumada de las Casas, first Marquis de Moctezuma , minister and member of the Council of Regency during the minority of Isabel II.
          .
          Espinel Vicente Gómez Martínez , poet and musician s . XVI
          Aniya La Gitana, flamenco singer .
          Christopher Palmero Tobalo the Pole, flamenco singer .
          Fernando de los Ríos Urruti , Republican politician .
          Antonio Garrido Dominguez, writer and expert in travel literature, author of numerous books related to Ronda and travel literature . Doctor of Philology .
          Francisco Giner , teacher and pedagogue . Founder of the Free Institution of Education .
          Antonio Ríos Rosas of political.
          Pedro Nolasco Aurioles Aguado, Minister of Grace and Justice
          José Ulloa " Tragabuches " bandit.
          Lunges , bandit.
          Garrido Francisco Domínguez , journalist, historian , writer , patron of the Unicaja Foundation , Director of Institutional Relations Caja de Ahorros de Ronda and Unicaja, Academic Correspondent of the Royal Academy of San Telmo, Honorary Professor School of Journalism University of Málaga, Author of twenty books on Round Licendiado in Commercial Law , Ph.D. in information Sciences , BA in History , Son of the City of Round Coocreador of Goya Corrida de Ronda in the 50s by the anniversary of Pedro Romero.
          Joaquín Peinado , painter .
          Pedro Pérez Clotet , poet generation of 27
          José Rodríguez Delgado , physician, professor and researcher.
          Juan de la Rosa Mateos , impeller and alma mater of the Caja de Ahorros de Ronda, adopted son of the city
          Cantos Antonio Guerrero, Supreme Court Justice , Civil Division . Cross of St. Raymond of Penafort , the judicial merit.
          Manuel Olivencia Ruiz , Professor Emeritus of Business Law at the University of Seville
          
          Useful Phone Numbers         


          LOCAL PHONE FAX
          Service to Citizenship (SAC ) 010/952 87 32 40 952 87 99 95
          City Hall 952 87 32 40 952 87 54 41
          Socio- Cultural Patronage 952 87 21 42 952 87 67 90
          House of Culture 952 87 21 42 952 87 67 90
          Party Delegation 952 87 21 42 952 87 67 90
          Water Supply 952 21 60 21         


          TOURISM PHONE FAX
          Ronda SA Tourism 952 87 08 18 952 16 11 02
          Municipal Tourist Office 952 18 71 19 952 18 71 47
          Office of Tourism of the Junta de Andalucía 952 87 12 72 952 16 93 14
          Tourist Initiatives Center 952 87 07 39 952 87 07 39
          Municipal Museum 952 87 84 50 952 16 11 02         


          SECURITY PHONE FAX
          Police Local 092/952 87 13 69 952 87 71 25
          National Police 091/952 16 12 20 952 16 12 52
          952 Police Station December 16, 20
          Guardia Civil 952 87 49 03 952 87 14 61
          Traffic Department 952 87 32 90
          Fire 952 87 19 58 952 19 08 70
          Civil Protection 670 57 20 32 952 19 08 23
          District Court 16 94 57 952
          Investigating Court No. 3 952 16 94 72         


          HEALTH PHONE FAX
          Basic General Hospital 951 06 50 00/01 951 06 52 42
          ER 061/902 50 50 61
          Ronda Norte Health Center 902 505 060
          Ronda Sur Health Center 902 505 060
          Cemasa - Adeslas - Fremap 952 87 03 13
          Night ASISA Services 952 87 56 50
          952 18 75 41 Ambulance
          Spanish Red Cross 952 87 14 64         


          TRANSPORT PHONE FAX
          Taxis 952 87 40 80
          Renfe 952 87 16 73 952 87 16 73
          Bus Station 952 87 22 60
          Traffic Department 900 12 35 05
          Roadside assistance 917 42 12 13
          Iberia (Málaga ) 902 40 05 00
          Tele Route 915 35 22 22
          National Weather Information 915 32 69 40         


          EDUCATION PHONE FAX
          Municipal Delegation of Education 952 87 31 38 952 87 31 38
          Spanish Language Course 952 87 32 65 952 87 32 65
          UNED 952 16 November 06
          Library 952 87 44 42
          Regional Center for Language 952 87 64 81
          Official Language School 952 87 49 61
          Conservatory of Music 952 16 95 36
          Workshop School 952 87 73 60
          Nursing College 952 19 July 12
          SPORTS PHONE FAX         


          Municipal Sports 952 87 05 06 952 87 05 06
          Municipal Indoor Pool 952 87 05 06
          Soccer Field 952 87 80 71
          Sports Centre "El Fuerte" 952 87 05 06
          SERVICES PHONE FAX         


          Social Services 952 87 21 42 952 87 67 90
          OMIC Consumer Information 952 87 21 42 952 87 67 90
          Lost 952 87 32 40
          Municipal Information Center for Women 952 87 44 42 952 87 67 90
          Casa de la Juventud ( Youth Information ) 952 87 71 12 952 87 07 53
          Municipal Service Office 952 Immigrants October 16, 35
          SEVERAL PHONE FAX         


          Environment Agency 952 16 92 06 952 16 50 00
          YIELD ( Rural Development Centre ) 952 87 27 47 952 87 27 46
          APYMER (Association Small and Medium Enterprises ) 952 87 84 92 952 87 92 81
          School of Business 952 87 29 54 952 87 29 68
          Post and Telegraph 952 87 25 57
          SAE ( Andalusian Employment Service ) 952 16 93 50 952 16 93 59