The first historical evidence we know of winemaking in Málaga, dating from the Roman Empire and is prismatic fermenter discovered in Safflower, about thirty miles from the capital.
During the Arab domination a tough fight between the Koranic rules prohibiting wine consumption and the habit of drinking , which was rooted in our people ensued . Slowly and with ups and downs , strong punishments - up death penalty for drunk - were replaced by fines ( garima ), which became progressively taxes ( Qabala ) , to be paid by sellers of wine and came to be one of the most important resources of the state . When the Catholic Kings reconquered Málaga in 1487, found the picture that describes the D. Cecilio García Firewood in their " historical malagueñas Talk " :
"Our Catholic Princes Conquistadores first thing I looked for this happy , rich and powerful city was to establish a Brotherhood of vintners, so that it ensure the training of their wines, even in the domain of the Moors had no small part of trade and wealth of his subjects . they knew that the vines would , more than happiness and opulence of this his beloved people , no small estate of his Royal Treasury , by a lot of product that would give its removal to other domains " .
Years later, on January 12, 1502 , the Catholic Monarchs in Sevilla confirmed by royal decree the creation of the Brotherhood of vintners, whose union provilegios were confirmed again by Doña Juana of Castile in 1513.
In 1791 Mr. Galvez, Spain 's ambassador in Moscow, presented to the Tsarina and Empress of Russia, Catherine II , with Malaga wine boxes , and such was the pleasure he caused , which exempted from taxes all wines Malaga reached its controlled by the Brotherhood of vintners ' Empire .
The Brotherhood said vintners in their union facet remains in what is now the Control Board and its religious facet in ANTIGUA AND VERY DISTINGUISHED Sacramental Venerable Brotherhood of Our Father Jesus Nazarene vintners , Nuestra Señora del Transfer and vintners Soledad St. Lorenzo Mártin .
In 1806 , by royal decree , the House and Trading Company vintners of Málaga, in which "to forestall possible adulteration in fruit issued by the Company shall be made on the vessels , or bundles caxones is created containing difficult to counterfeit brands . two intelligent people who care that the wines acquire perfection that are susceptible " to be elected .
The July 1, 1900 appears Regulation of the Association of Breeders Exporters of Málaga Wine for safeguarding the general interests of the wine trade , expediendo certificates appointing arbitrators and experts and above all ensuring through their stamp of origin legitimacy of the wines exported .
At the request of the unions and vintners Vintners Malaga was achieved on September 8, 1933 granting a regulatory board whose Regulations , adopted on October 20, 1937 , was in force until December 21. Everything came Covered by Denomincación of Origin Málaga must undergo the corresponding analysis and report of the Rate , in whose sight the Council or shall not , to the issuing of licenses and the delivery of the numbered seals garatía .
In 1999, Regulation 3 of the Denomination of Origin of "Málaga " published by Order of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries is published June 24 .
On January 9, 2001 was published in the Official Gazette of the Andalusian fourth regulation , which also recognizes the DO Sierras de Málaga, viniéndose call the Regulatory Council of the Denomination of Origin "Málaga " and " Sierras de Málaga " . This regulation was ratified by the Ministry of Agriculture , Fisheries and Food on November 22, 2001 , and published in the Official Gazette of December 10 of the same year .
The following wines with protected designations of origin of "Málaga " and " Sierras de Málaga "
- With the IO "Málaga "
a - . liqueur , 15 % vol . 22% vol .
b - . naturally sweet wines, from 13% vol. made from overripe grapes with alcohol entirely from fermentation
- With the IO "Sierras de Málaga "
The white, rosé and red wines under 15 % vol .
There are five areas of production in the Designation of Origin Málaga:
1. AXARQUIA .
It is the most eastern part of the province. It is characterized by complex terrain with steep slopes running down to the sea. Its soils are decomposed shale and shallow . It is warm and mild , slightly rainy weather. The predominant variety in the area is Muscat . The Rome (ink or white) variety is indigenous to this territory.
Two . MONTES :
They are the mountain range surrounding the city of Malaga. Large and complicated terrain slopes define the territory. Its soils are Cambrian , shallow and very eroded slates. It is the highest altitude , the coldest and rainiest . There are numerous microclimates in the area as a result of this complexity in the area. The predominant varieties are But Ximén and Moscatel .
Three . NORTH :
Mainly occupies the plateau of Antequera. The soils are deep, brown limestone . In this territory the variety Ximén But , Lairén and Doradilla predominates. The climate is continental , with cold winters and hot summers.
April . WEST COAST
Located at the border with the province of Cadiz. Albarizas land situated in hill moving towards the Mediterranean Sea. The climate is hot and little rain. The predominant variety is Muscat .
May . SERRANIA
Located less than 750 meters above the mean sea is characterized by sandy soils and clayey silt with a strongly calcareous subsoil.
Also within the production area of the Appellation of Origin " Sierras de Málaga" traditionally designated subarea " Serrania de Ronda" composed of land located in the municipalities to flowerbed , Atajate Benadalid Gaucin and Ronda will be distinguished .
TYPES OF WINE OD " SAWS MALAGA"
Blanco: Wines of yellow color, varietal flavor pale , elegant , crisp , fruity flavor, fresh von acid tones .
Red : Wine -bodied, well structured , where mineral aromas and flavors prevail and the soil.
TYPES OF WINE OD "MALAGA "
1. The wines protected by the Denomination of Origin "Málaga " are classified as:
a) Liqueur wines and sweet wines including Natural
b ) Naturally Sweet Wines
You can name a variety used , where the wine has been produced at least 85% with the corresponding grape variety , less the amount of products used for possible sweetening .
Two . Wines:
Means obtained liqueur wine varieties " But Ximén " and / or " Moscatel " according to local, fair and traditional practices , and whose production has added wine alcohol and a volumetric alcohol content not less than 15 % vol . not more than 22 % vol . and a total alcoholic strength of not less than 17,5 % vol . , except liquor dry wines may be at least 15%.
In the production of these wines may also be used concentrated musts and dry wine of " Doradilla ", " Lairen " and " Romé " varieties whenever a whole does not represent more than 30 % of the final product.
In sweet wines liquor intervene mostly ( over 50 % ) in composition sweet wine whose characteristics are defined in art. 13 of the Regulations , also contain 4% vol . , At least naturally acquired alcohol fermentation .
Three . Natural Sweet Wine :
The Natural Sweet Wine is wine made in the manner described in Article 13.1.1 c ) of the regulations .
April . Naturally Sweet Wine :
It is the wine made in the manner described in Article 13.2. the regulation
Designation of protected wines
1. All wines are protected undergo aging and named :
Title and average aging period :
Málaga , 6 to 24 months.
Málaga Noble , 2 to 3 years.
Málaga Añejo , 3 to 5 years.
Málaga Trasañejo exceeding 5 years.
Notwithstanding the preceding paragraph , the white Moscatel wines But Ximén and / or processed without added syrup, may be released for consumption without undergoing the process of aging and parenting , and " Málaga Pale " will be called .
Two . According to their sugar content protected wines may be designated :
Protected Wines may be sweet (when the sugar content exceeding 45 g / l) , semisweet (if the sugar content is between 12 and 45 g / l) , semi ( when the amount of sugars is between 4 and 12 g / l ) and dried ( lower amount of sugars to 4 g / l ) .
Three . The traditional terms that can be called with the wines protected by the Denomination of Origin "Málaga " in addition to those defined above and others that define the characteristics of products are:
" Teardrop " is the wine whose production only the must without any mechanical pressure , once the grape treading it. These wines if subjected to an aging over 2 years may be called Lacrimae Christi.
" Pajarete " Is liqueur wine , natural sweet wine or a total sugar content of between 45gr/ly 140gr / l produced without the addition of syrup, being aged and amber to dark amber.
- Of the variety used :
" But Ximén or Pedro Ximénez " These are wines that come from the grape variety that gives them their name.
" Moscatel " : These are wines that come from the grape variety that gives them their name .
- For your color:
" Golden Dorado or " liqueur wine is prepared without added syrup , natural or naturally sweet sweet, subjected to aging.
" Red gold or gold Rot " : Is liqueur wine being aged and obtained with addition of up to 5 % Vol , grape syrup .
" Dark or Brown ": The liqueur wine being aged , obtained with addition of up to 5 and 10% of clothe .
"Color " is the wine of liquor, subject to aging and obtained with addition of 10 to 15% syrup .
" Black or Dunkel " Is liqueur wine being aged , and obtained with addition of more than 15 % of clothe .
- By its sugar content
"Sweet Cream and Cream" : Is wine or liquor natural sweet wine with more than 100g / l sugar and less than 140 g / l , being aged and Its color can range from amber to dark amber.
"Dry Pale Dry Pale or " liqueur wine is produced without the addition of syrup, with a total sugar content not exceeding 45 g / l .
"Pale Cream" : Is liqueur wine produced without the addition of syrup, naturally sweet wine or natural sweet wine, with a total sugar content exceeding a 45g / l.
"Sweet " is the wine or liquor natural sweet wine with a total content of more than 140 g / l sugars, being aged and Its color can range from amber to black .
April . They are called " Master Wine " and " Wine Tender " , obtained as described in Article 13 of Regulation
Bodega Antigua Casa de Guardia S. L.
Crta Olias - Comares s / n.
Finca el Romerillo . Bda. Olias
Pernod Ricard SA Spain
Cesar Vallejo # 24
Guadalhorce Industrial Estate .
Bodegas Malaga Virgen SA
C / Canada # 10.
Industrial El Viso .
Bodegas Quitapenas S. L.
Ctra Guadalmar Ind. # 12 Villarosa
Bodegas Gomara S. L.
Tel: 952 434 195
Fax: 952 626 312
Maqueda spread Alto # 59
PO Box 121.
Bells 29590 (Málaga )
Bodegas López Madrid
Bells Crta 7.5 Km .
Bodegas López García
C / Sevilla # 27 1 C
S.C.A. Virgen de la Oliva
Ctra Alameda # 17 .
Bodega F. Schatz .
Tel: 952 871 313 .
Villa Leech .
Bodegas Almijara S. L.
Carretera de Canillas de Albaida s / n.
29754 Competa, Malaga
Polygon Guadalhorce . C / Bernanke # 4 .
S. L. Dimobe
Road Almachar s / n. Moclinejo 29738 (Málaga ) .
The Olivarillo Industrial Estate No. 13-14. Velez Malaga
Inversiones Santa Ana
( Bodega development).
Hotel- Bodega El Juncal .
Bodega Juan Manuel streaks
Camino on Nador s / n 29350 flowerbed ..
Coto de la Viña San Jacinto
Vineyards and Winery Principe Alfonso de Hohenlohe SA
The Agricultural Holdings SA Aguilares
Bodegas Hidalgo Pérez C. B.
C / Virgen de las Flores # 15
Jorge Ordonez & Co.
Paseo de la Axarquia # 19
Bodegas Bentomiz S. L.
Almond Villa Pay Costs
Winery and Vineyard Nasturtium
Cortijo La Capuchina.Apartado Post # 26
Bodegas S. L. Cantor
Ctra Ronda la Vieja - Villalones . Bodega El Chantre
29400 Ronda - Málaga
Bodega Doña Felisa S. L.
Bodega Joaquin Fernandez
Bodegas La Sangre De Ronda
Costs Bodegas Viña
Bodegas la Parchite
Bodegas Ronda la Vieja